Understanding Sumangali Scheme in Tamil Nadu

Understanding the Characteristics of the Sumangali Scheme in Tamil Nadu Textile & Garment Industry and Supply Chain Linkages

Executive Summary

The textile industry in Tamil Nadu has been reported to be exploiting young women workers in the spinning and textile units under what is called the “Sumangali Scheme.” There has  been national as well as global focus on such practices for over a year, which led to discussion by stakeholders to understand the issues and to find ways to address it. As a result, there are various initiatives to bring relevant stakeholders together and develop a corrective action plan. This research was conducted by Solidaridad-South & South East Asia (“Solidaridad”) with support from the Fair Labor Association (FLA) after both organizations realized and agreed that the issue of Sumangali required an elaborate understanding of textile supply chain linkages. Solidaridad and FLA agreed that it was important to bring key stakeholders at each stage of the supply chain around the table to discuss the problems and find solutions. Hence, it was decided to conduct a research project focusing on the Sumangali Scheme in Tamil Nadu’s textile and garment industry and its supply chain linkages.